Heat exhaustion and heat stroke

In these times of the year, many regions of the world are exposed to heat waves and the associated problems in health.

Heat stroke is the severe form of heat exhaustion, which is caused by exposure to the hot sun in the summer during peak hours, especially if it is accompanied by muscular effort and with people who cannot cope such as the elderly, children, and the chronically ill.

Symptoms and signs:

– Fatigue, tiredness, thirst, dizziness, headache, nausea, and vomiting.

– In the severe cases, the patient gets utterly mind and loss of consciousness.

– The body becomes warm, ruddy skin, and dry.

– The temperature taken by mouth is more than 38 degrees.

Prevention and treatment:

Avoid the sun during the peak hours, use parasols, and drink sufficient amounts of liquids.

Measure:

– Put the patient in a cool and shady place, and wash the whole body, if it is possible, with cool water.

– Take off some of the clothes.

– Drink liquids and cold mineral water.

– Call an ambulance and take the patient to the hospital in severe cases, especially that accompanied by fainting.

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